Author

Natalie Eddy

Date of Award

1-1-2013

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master Of Arts In Clinical Psychology

Colleges & School

College Of Arts And Sciences

First Advisor

Gregory Jurenec, PhD

Library of Congress Subject Heading

Correctional institutions; Teenage sex offenders; Juvenile recidivists

Abstract

As of 2009, Finkelhor, Ormrod, and Chaffin, (2009) reported that juveniles accounted for 25.8% of all sexual offenses. According to Caldwell (2010) juvenile sexual offenders only reoffend sexually about 7% of the time, and are much more likely to re-offend in a non-sexual manner (43.4%). Current treatment approaches for sexual offenders share similar focus and overlap in some areas with current nonsexual offender treatments. With this in mind, one may wonder if therapy specifically aimed at sexual offending is necessary or if general offender therapy would be just effective. The current study looked at sexual offenders who have received general offender treatment, and compared them with sexual offenders who received sexual offender specific treatment. It also compared general offenders with sexual offenders. The current study was a reanalysis of existing data collected as part of a larger cost/benefit analysis completed in 2004 at Mendota Juvenile Treatment Center (MJTC) in Wisconsin. The author updated the recidivism data from 2004 using the Consolidated Court Automation Program (CCAP) database. Results indicated that the juvenile sexual offenders in the sexual offender treatment group generally had higher rates of recidivism in both nonviolent and violent offenses. The average days to failure for any type of crime post release was significantly higher in the general offender treatment group as compared to the sexual offender treatment group t(293)= -2.26, p = .03. Due to these results, all JSOs were then compared to the general offenders. While there was no significant difference between the groups for any of the non-sexual offense categories, significant differences were found for both the sexual misdemeanor and sexual felony categories. In terms of days to any sexual offense, sexual offenders fail significantly sooner than general offenders t(144.49)=5.17, p < .01. Future research focusing on specific factors within treatment could have large implications on societal views as well as policy formations for sexual offenders.

Rights

On-Campus Access

OCLC Number

855116556.00

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