Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master Of Arts In Clinical Psychology

Colleges & School

College Of Arts And Sciences

First Advisor

Brad Grunert, PhD

Library of Congress Subject Heading

ambiguity intolerance; ambiguity tolerance; social anxiety; social phobia; MacDonald Revised Scale for Ambiguity Tolerance; Social Phobia Inventory


This study examines the correlation between ambiguity intolerance (AI) and social anxiety (SA). There is a great deal of research suggesting a relationship between these variables. Specifically, research suggests that an individual’s AI may lead them to interpret ambiguous social cues as a threat. A sample of 50 graduate students with a mean age of 29.42 years from Cardinal Stritch University were administered the Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN) to evaluate SA and the MacDonald Revised Scale for Ambiguity Tolerance (AT-20) to measure AI. A Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient indicated a significant, positive correlation of .471 (p < .05) between scores on these scales, and no significant correlation between age, gender, and scale scores. A linear regression analysis yielded a Beta value of .461 (p < .001), suggesting that AT-20 scores moderately contribute to SPIN scores.


On-Campus Access

OCLC Number