Effects of Spelling by Analogy on the Phonological Awareness of a Child with Childhood Apraxia of Speech

Sarah H. Schnuelle


This case study research examined the effects of spelling by analogy on the phonological awareness of a first grader with oral and verbal apraxia, a disorder generally referred to as childhood apraxia of speech. An intervention using a variety of activities focused on spelling by analogy was provided over a six week period. It was hypothesized that these instructional methods would increase the participant's phonological awareness and thus his word identification, decoding, and spelling skills as evidenced by pre-and posttest comparisons. Following the completion of 12 hour-long tutoring sessions, post-assessment findings revealed increases in spelling, phonological awareness, reading levels and strategy use, as well as sound and sight word identification. Recommendations for home and school are included.