Effects of Phonemic Awareness Instruction on a Struggling Emergent Reader

Angela M. Sheppard


Phonemic awareness is fundamental to reading skills acquisition, and refers to the ability to notice, think about, and manipulate the individual sounds in spoken words (McIntyre, Protz, & McQuarrie, 2008). This study examined the effectiveness of phonemic awareness instruction on a struggling, emergent reader. For six weeks, the participant in the study met with the researcher four times a week for thirty minutes. The researcher used systematic instruction in early literacy skills, letter and sound identification, small-word decoding, and other phonemic awareness tasks to help the student improve his emerging reading skills. After analyzing the pre-and post-test assessments, the researcher concluded that the intervention was effective in improving the participant's phonemic awareness development.