Date of Award


Document Type

Action Research Paper

Degree Name

Master Of Arts In Language And Literacy

Colleges & School

College Of Education And Leadership

First Advisor

Michael Flaherty

Library of Congress Subject Heading

Reading comprehension--Graphic methods; Exposition (Rhetoric); Reading (Elementary)


The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of an intervention focused on expository text structure instruction, specifically compare-contrast and cause-effect, on the comprehension of struggling third grade readers within the science curriculum. To increase students' comprehension, 10 third grade students participated in this eight week study. During the study, the 10 participants met with the researcher thirty minutes a day, four times a week for eight weeks. The focus during this intervention concentrated on explicit text structure instruction. Students learned about compare-contrast and cause-effect text structure by identifying signal words in passages and completing text structure graphic organizers and text frame paragraphs. The results suggested that overall the participants' demonstrated growth in retelling of key ideas and comprehension of expository text.


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