Date of Award


Document Type

Action Research Paper

Superseded Degree Name

Master Of Arts In Special Education

Colleges & School

College Of Education And Leadership

First Advisor

Sister Gabrielle Kowalski, O.S.F.

Library of Congress Subject Heading

Physical fitness--Psychological aspects; Martial arts for children; Martial arts--Psychological aspects; Psychotherapy


The impact of Taekwondo training as a therapy for children with mild to moderate special needs was examined. Two children participated in the study to determine whether social, emotional, and physical capabilities increased after twenty sessions of training. Results indicated that the children’s physical needs and capabilities did increase. Social interactions with other children became more natural for the participants and increased as they attended more training sessions. The children maintained positive attitudes throughout the intervention within a small group setting as well as a large group setting. The activity-focused intervention allowed the children to increase participation through a repeated routine.


On-Campus Access

OCLC Number