Brenna Biron

Date of Award


Document Type

Action Research Paper

Superseded Degree Name

Master Of Arts In Special Education

Colleges & School

College Of Education And Leadership

First Advisor

Sister Gabrielle Kowalski, O.S.F.

Library of Congress Subject Heading

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder; Classroom environment; Swiss exercise balls


The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not the use of stability balls as a classroom seating option in a third grade classroom increased the total time students spent properly in their seats. Using stability balls as chairs may allow for safe student movement while remaining seated. The hypothesis was that with this increased movement, students would be less restless and therefore able to remain attentive and focused. If successful, this easily implemented, relatively inexpensive strategy could be used by educators to improve time in seat in their classrooms. This study could also potentially be applied in special education classrooms and classrooms at the middle and high school level. Unlike other literature I have read, this study was quasi-experimental rather than anecdotal. Video evidence was collected prior to the implementation of the alternative seating and again afterward. Frequency of instances out of seat and total duration of out of seat time was determined for each situation.


Open Access

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