Date of Award


Document Type

Action Research Paper

Superseded Degree Name

Master Of Arts In Special Education

Colleges & School

College Of Education And Leadership

First Advisor

Sister Gabrielle Kowalski, O.S.F.

Library of Congress Subject Heading

Graphic organizers; Writing--Study and teaching; Special education--Study and teaching; Mathematics--Study and teaching


The purpose of this study is to examine the use of graphic organizers and their effectiveness as a tool for students with special needs to express their mathematical thinking. I hypothesized that when provided with a sequential writing format, students would be able to more effectively communicate how they solved a constructed response question and the steps needed to do so. My research question was: Will the weekly use of a sequential writing process/graphic organizer improve constructed response scores on the WKCE assessments for students with special needs?


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