Date of Award


Document Type

Research Paper

Superseded Degree Name

Master Of Arts In Special Education

Colleges & School

College Of Education And Leadership

First Advisor

Sister Gabrielle Kowalski, O.S.F.

Library of Congress Subject Heading

Academic achievement; Children with disabilities--Education; Mathematics--Study and teaching


The problem the researcher faced was the inability of eighth grade students with special education needs to automatically recall basic math facts. Students lacked prerequisite skills or the knowledge of basic math facts and faced mounting challenges with future mathematical skill acquisition. Students were expected to demonstrate proficiency in the area of math on Wisconsin Knowledge and Concepts Exam and MAP assessments. Many problems on the math portion of the WKCE required a student to combine knowledge of basic math facts with problem solving ability. The purpose of the study was to determine the effectiveness of setting goals to improve student mastery of basic multiplication and division math facts. This project had been designed to support students’ learning of basic math facts by combining the use of goal setting and repeated timed activities in multiplication and division with the strategies for learning basic math facts taught to student(s) from the required school math curriculum.


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