Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master Of Arts In Urban Education

Colleges & School

College Of Education And Leadership

First Advisor

Luann Dreifurst

Library of Congress Subject Heading

Internet in education; English language--Phonemics; Kindergarten


Many early elementary students in urban schools are already below grade level in early literacy skills, putting them at risk for reading difficulties later. This study examined the effects of Lexia, a literacy-focused online learning program, as a Tier II intervention for struggling kindergarten learners. In this study, ten students were placed into either the experimental group which used Lexia for twenty minutes a day for eight weeks, or into the control group that was instead exposed to a math-based online learning program. Results showed greater growth among students in the intervention group on all dependent measures as compared to the control group. These results suggest a benefit in employing online learning programs as Tier II additional support for phonemic awareness remediation in young students.


Open Access

OCLC Number


Is this full-text open access?


Included in

Education Commons