Dana Smith

Author Credentials

Sister Eleanor Smith, O.S.F.

Date of Award


Document Type

Graduate Field Experience

Degree Name

Master Of Arts In Urban Education

Colleges & School

College Of Education And Leadership

Library of Congress Subject Heading

Bibliotherapy for children; Behavior modification


As preschoolers develop social competence, they learn to play together and respect the emotions of their peers. The use of relational aggression (harming others by excluding or threatening to exclude them from social interaction) can hamper this development, negatively affecting both victims and perpetrators. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of two types of narrative interventions, bibliotherapy and photo-talks, on the use of relational aggression among preschoolers. During the intervention, four preschoolers participated in bibliotherapy and photo-talk sessions focused on four positive social skills: using feeling words, including others in play, sharing, and cooperating. Data were collected daily during the participants’ 30-minute center time; instances of relational aggression, instances of targeted positive social behaviors, and the language used by the participants were recorded on tally sheets and in anecdotal notes. The results support the use of bibliotherapy and photo-talks to decrease relational aggression among preschoolers.


Open Access

OCLC Number


Is this full-text open access?


Included in

Education Commons