Date of Award


Document Type

Graduate Field Experience

Degree Name

Master Of Arts In Urban Special Education

Colleges & School

College Of Education And Leadership

First Advisor

Linda Gordy, PhD

Library of Congress Subject Heading

Reading comprehension--Graphic methods; Reading comprehension--Study and teaching (Elementary); Graphic organizers


This paper examines the effects of the use of graphic organizers on the reading comprehension skills of three elementary school students from a large Midwestern city. Reading comprehension is a milestone skill that is essential for students to master early on, in order to be successful across disciplines. Students often struggle to comprehend informational text due to its complexity, using graphic organizers can help students learn the structure of informational text and organize the text in a way that is easier for them to comprehend. Students read about a text, organized the information in the text and wrote a summary of the information that they gathered. The researcher found that the explicit teaching on the use of graphic organizers was effective in improving the overall summary writing skills of the participants.


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