What are the Essential Components of Nurse Residency Programs that Contribute to Positive Outcomes for Newly Licensed Registered Nurses in their Transition into Professional Practice During their First Year of Practice?
Date of Award
Evidence Based Nursing Education Project
Master Of Science In Nursing
Colleges & School
Ruth S. Coleman College Of Nursing And Health Sciences
Ruth M. Waite, PhD, RN
Library of Congress Subject Heading
Residents (Medicine); Nurses; School-to-work transition
Nurse residency programs are evidenced based structures and processes that support newly licensed nurses’ successful transition from student to professional nurse during the first year of practice. Nurse residency programs are endorsed by the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN), the National League for Nursing (NLN), and the Institute of Medicine (IOM). The purpose of this literature review is to identify the essential components of successful nurse residency programs and associated nurse outcomes post completion. The review identified the five essential program components that lead to positive outcomes of increased retention, competency, and job satisfaction. The five essentials are a nurturing learning environment, supportive leadership, having a mentor or preceptor, peer support systems, and an increase in clinical time for skill mastery. Implications for nursing education and recommendation re presented.
Fritschler, Abbey, "What are the Essential Components of Nurse Residency Programs that Contribute to Positive Outcomes for Newly Licensed Registered Nurses in their Transition into Professional Practice During their First Year of Practice?" (2013). Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects. 463.