Date of Award


Document Type

Research Paper

Superseded Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education (Early Childhood Special Education)

Colleges & School

Cardinal Stritch College

Degree Granted By

Cardinal Stritch College

First Advisor

Sister Joanne Marie Kliebhan, O.S.F.

Library of Congress Subject Heading

Early childhood education--Curricula; Play


What is play? Play is like love. Everyone knows what it is but no one can define it (Chance, 1979, p.l) State agencies are showing a growing interest in including play in the early childhood curriculum. Why? Are there more benefits to play than manipulating toys or objects? Are people in authority saying that play has educational value as well as being fun? Is play really child's work? Do we need to educate people on the value of play? Should play be part of all early childhood curricula? The purpose of this research paper was to examine the educational benefits of play. Play has a number of dichotomies (Chance, 1979). Play can be: 1. Social or asocial 2. Cooperative or competitive 3. Imitative or original 4. Repetitive or novel 5. Overt or covert 6. Active or passive 7. Organized or spontaneous 8. Peaceful or boisterous This paper examined the different dichotomies and their educational value, and tried to answer the above questions concerning play.


Open Access

OCLC Number


Is this full-text open access?