Date of Award


Document Type

Research Paper

Superseded Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education (Education of Learning Disabled Children)

Colleges & School

Cardinal Stritch College

Degree Granted By

Cardinal Stritch College

First Advisor

Sister Joanne Marie Kliebhan, O.S.F.

Library of Congress Subject Heading

Special education--Law and legislation; Mainstreaming in education


The present emphasis on mainstreaming was brought about in part by: (1) Research dealing with the effectiveness of special classes; (2) Recognition that many of the diagnostic instruments used for identifying retarded children were culturally biased, which often resulted in inappropriate diagnosis and placement of children into special classes for the retarded; (3) realization that the labeling process becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy and that the students' handicap is perpetuated and reinforced instead of ameliorated; (4) Court litigation in special education related to placement practices and the rights of children to appropriate educational treatment. All of these areas will be expanded upon within the body of this paper. The concept of mainstreaming is relatively recent, therefore this paper concerns itself with studies done since 1968.


Open Access

OCLC Number


Is this full-text open access?


Included in

Education Commons