Author Credentials

Sister Jeanette Friedheim, S.S.J.

Date of Award


Document Type

Research Paper

Superseded Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education (Education of Mentally Handicapped)

Colleges & School

Cardinal Stritch College

Degree Granted By

Cardinal Stritch College

First Advisor

Sister Joanne Marie Kliebhan, O.S.F.

Library of Congress Subject Heading

Perceptual-motor learning; Children with disabilities--Education; Preschool children


Researchers in the area of child development have identified and labeled stages in the growth and development of the normal child. Intensive studies regarding the age level and sequential appearance of specific behaviors have been published by such authorities in the field as Bayley, Cattell, Gessell, Ilg and Ames, Piaget, Olson and others. For the most part, these studies have dealt with normal growth and development. The growth component of this process is a biological construct but can be and is influenced by the environment, whereas the developmental aspect depends heavily on environmental structures in order to progress, not, thereby denying the biological underpinnings. The emphasis of this paper is on the development process which Bowers defines as a "combination of maturation and learning.


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