Author Credentials

Sister Mary Lois Adrian, S.S.N.D.

Date of Award


Document Type


Superseded Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education (Reading Specialist)

Colleges & School

Cardinal Stritch College

Degree Granted By

Cardinal Stritch College

First Advisor

Sister Joanne Marie Kliebhan, O.S.F.

Library of Congress Subject Heading

Reading (Elementary); Reading--Study and teaching; Writing


As far as the writer can determine, little research has been done to evaluate the effectiveness of manuscript writing on success in word perception in beginning reading. When six year old children are introduced to reading, they have already acquired a speaking vocabulary of several thousand words. Because of this the child finds it most exciting to make certain characters on paper express the same sounds he uses in the words he knows. In the manuscript writing of reading words these letters are almost identical with those he sees on the printed page. In this study the writer has attempted to evaluate objectively the effectiveness of this method on first grade reading. The purpose of this study was to discover the effect of manuscript writing on success in word perception in beginning reading in the first grade. The objectives of the study posed the following questions: 1. Will the writing increase retention of word forms? 2. Will the writing stimulate learning of a larger vocabulary? 3. Do those who have difficulty in coordination in writing find word perception more difficult? 4. Does writing help to overcome reversals? 5. Does increased ability in word perception affect total reading?


Open Access

OCLC Number