Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master Of Arts In Clinical Psychology

Colleges & School

College Of Arts And Sciences

First Advisor

Terri deRoon-Cassini, PhD

Library of Congress Subject Heading

Loss (Psychology); Wounds and injuries


This study explores whether appraisal process as defined by threat of and actual loss of resources will determine differences in psychological outcomes. The goal was to determine if there are differences in psychological functioning (PTSD, depression, and hardiness) across optimistic, realistic and pessimistic appraisals of a traumatic injury. Sixty-seven traumatic injury patients from Froedtert Hospital participated in this study. Our findings indicate that there was a difference in PTSD and depression symptom severity, but not hardiness separately across the three cognitive appraisals. This suggests outcome differences occur after stressful experiences depending upon cognitive appraisal impacting the psychological outcome following a traumatic injury.


On-Campus Access

OCLC Number