Date of Award


Document Type

Research Paper

Superseded Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education (Special Education)

Colleges & School

Cardinal Stritch College

Degree Granted By

Cardinal Stritch College

First Advisor

Sister Gabrielle Kowalski, O.S.F.

Library of Congress Subject Heading

Children with disabilities--Education; Music--Instruction and study


One of the purposes of this research was to explore the existence of specific programs for teaching leisure skills in music to students with severe disabilities. The development of general leisure skills was a feature of many of the educational and community programs studied. It was necessary to review these programs for the inclusion of the specific area of music in order to evaluate their usefulness. The second purpose of this paper was to develop guidelines and strategies for teaching leisure skills in music within the framework of a music education curriculum, since there was little evidence of programs that taught leisure skills in music beyond the use of audio equipment or concert attendance. This portion of the project was the result of the author's professional work in the areas of music therapy and music education for students with severe disabilities. In practice, there did not seem to be specific information available for teaching leisure skills in music to this population. Guidelines for adapting standard music education activities for students with mild or moderate disabilities have been offered on a limited basis by some music educators, and to a certain extent by music education publishers. In these programs, the teaching methods, music activities, or materials could be adapted for this population. In most cases, the scope and sequence of the curriculum could still be maintained. But adapting a music curriculum to meet the leisure skill needs of students with severe disabilities has been more difficult for music educators. Leisure skill development for this population seemed less related to the focus of the curriculum or the types of activities that supported the curricular objectives.


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