Date of Award


Document Type

Research Paper

Superseded Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education (Special Education)

Colleges & School

Cardinal Stritch College

Degree Granted By

Cardinal Stritch College

First Advisor

Robert P. King

Library of Congress Subject Heading

Self-perception in adolescence; Team learning approach in education


Today's adolescents are coming to school with more complex psychological problems than ever before. Gibbs writes, "As many as 7.5 million children - 12% of those below the age of 18 - suffer from some sort of psychological illness" (p. 53, 1990) . Poverty, violence, and drugs have taken their toll on our present generation of adolescents' physical and psychological health. Many of these children do not have the ability to assert themselves in the face of social and peer pressure. They are unable to develop the independent survival skills necessary to achieve mature adulthood. At one time, children were able to find a psychological anchor in societal institutions. The churches, schools, and neighborhoods that provided emotional stability in the past by transmitting shared traditions and values have weakened along with the breakdown of the family unit. One primary manifestation of this disorder phenomenon is that many of these children come to school with very low self-esteem. The purpose of this paper was to provide supportive research which indicates the need for educators to develop appropriate teaching strategies which will enhance self-esteem in the adolescent. In addition, this paper demonstrated a means to achieve the desired results through a cooperative learning model. This research examined the self-esteem of adolescents who attend large urban middle schools. Other considerations were the role of academic achievement and cooperative learning. The parameters of this paper were dictated by current research available. The researcher attempted to keep the research within the last decade. However, some earlier research was added to gain a historical perspective.


Open Access

OCLC Number


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